MuseScore has released version 3.6 of their flagship notation software for Mac, Windows, and Linux computers. This release is primarily focused on engraving improvements that not only affect both the appearance of the music on the page, but aim to improve the user experience with regard to setting up scores, formatting, and layout.
Of particular interest to music notation aficionados is the release of a brand-new, SMuFL-compatible music font called Leland, designed by MuseScore lead designer Martin Keary in collaboration with music engraver Simon Smith. Drawing inspiration from the look of scores produced by the legendary SCORE program and its creator Leland Smith, Leland is the new default music font for MuseScore beginning with the 3.6 release.
Paired with Leland is a new text font heavily based on New Century Schoolbook called Edwin, which is the new default MuseScore text font. Both Leland and Edwin are free, and they are released under open font licenses.
MuseScore 3.6 features
MuseScore development team leader Vasily Pereverzev, in a news article announcing the release, said that MuseScore 3.6 is their “engraving release” and that “it addresses many of the biggest issues affecting the layout and appearance of your sheet music and is the result of a massive collaboration between our community and internal team. It is the first big step towards the type of world-beating engraving capability that we aim to achieve in the future.”
World-beating aspirations aside, MuseScore 3.6 does take significant steps in improving the user experience and ultimate output when it comes to producing music notation, bringing MuseScore more in line with what one would expect from a modern music notation software program.
Score setup and layout
Surprisingly, prior to 3.6, MuseScore did not order, group, or bracket instruments automatically, leaving it up to the user to do this. The instruments were ordered simply in the order the user added them to the score.
Now, when creating a new score via Choose Instruments, there is now an Ordering dropdown showing the current system of instrument ordering, with Orchestral as the default. As instruments are added to the score, they will be added in the correct position according to the scheme chosen (choir, concert band, and big band are among the other choices).
There is nothing revolutionary here, since this is something Sibelius and other software programs have done for a long time, but MuseScore users will be very happy to shave some time off of the score setup process.
The instruments are arranged into families (flutes, oboes, clarinets, etc.) and the families are arranged into sections (woodwind, brass, percussion, etc.), with brackets and braces added automatically:
- A heavy bracket is applied to all adjacent instruments of the same section, assuming there is more than one
- a thin square bracket is applied to all adjacent identical instruments (four horns, for example)
- a curly brace is applied to each single instrument which is notated on more than one stave (piano and harp, most commonly)
Again, it may surprise non-MuseScore users that this seemingly basic feature is only now being added to the software, but it is a welcome improvement nonetheless.
Another very welcome improvement is automatic vertical justification of staves on the page. This is an area in which most users will notice an immediate difference in appearance when this is enabled.
The settings for this are found in Format > Style > Page > Enable vertical justification of staves. It is on by default in newly created scores, but you will need to turn this on for existing scores.
The settings are quite straightforward and you can adjust to taste, with separate settings for additional space between staves with brackets and braces. The space between a brace and bracket will be determined by the larger of these two values.
These are not done with absolute values, but rather with relative values using a “factor” method. For example, if this is set to 1.5, the algorithm will attempt to make the space on either side of a bracket 150% of the standard space used elsewhere.
Until the 3.6 release, MuseScore users have had to rely on the method of applying breaks and spacers in the score, and then adjusting them, in order to finesse vertical layout on a page:
This release represents a significant change to that process. Martin Keary said that “If you’ve spent a lot of time using page breaks and spacers in previous versions of MuseScore, it is advisable to remove them first to let the vertical spacing system do its thing. You can then make any changes you see fit afterwards. In general, you’ll find that our new system requires a lot less manual tweaking, with much better overall results.”
There is also a new option to automatically indent the first system of a score, at Style > Score > Enable indentation on first system. The use of a horizontal frame to achieve this is no longer needed.
A more complete explanation of these settings is provided in this new entry to the MuseScore handbook.
Other engraving fixes
A number of other engraving fixes and improvements are included in MuseScore 3.6:
- Improved adjustment of stem lengths on chords outside the stave
- Improvement to the appearance of tremolo and buzzrolls markings
- Correct interpretation of beam spacing and ledger length settings in SMuFL fonts
- Improved positioning of flags, honoring their orientation and design in their respective fonts
- Bracketed accidentals can how have customizable padding inside their parentheses
- Improvements to placement and spacing of accidentals with regard to ledger lines
- Improvements with spacing involving invisible items
Leland and Edwin fonts
Music font lovers, rejoice: MuseScore 3.6 introduces Leland as its new default music font.
Designed by MuseScore lead designer Martin Keary in collaboration with music engraver Simon Smith, Leland draws inspiration from the look of scores produced by the legendary SCORE program and its creator Leland Smith (no relation to Simon).
SCORE — a DOS-based program — was developed in a very different era than today’s modern software, but owing to the talents of its creator and the skill of its users, it was capable of producing very high-quality output.
It may be of interest to some that there isn’t an official “SCORE font”, owing to the particular way the program created its symbols for output using vector-based drawing instructions. So Martin and Simon needed to start with a fresh approach.
Martin said, “When setting out to create our font, Simon and I agreed on a few goals: First, we wanted the notation style to function as the new default in MuseScore, so our focus was on creating a highly finessed version of the classic notation style. Second, we particularly wanted to match the feeling of precision and balance that SCORE had so successfully achieved. Third, since legibility is of the utmost importance, we wanted to avoid the impulse to make something really flashy that draws attention to itself. In a way, we wanted to make the Helvetica of music notation, with everything feeling just right so performing musicians almost don’t know what’s there.”
Indeed, the “Helvetica” analogy is apt. Music set in Leland looks very clean and well-proportioned. And when paired with the Edwin text font, we are starting to approach something of a convergence in (at least superficial) appearance among some of the major software platforms — Dorico uses its own version of New Century Schoolbook, called Academico, which is also the bundled with our Scoring Express templates for Sibelius, as well as the standalone Norfolk font download.
The Edwin text font is named after Edwin Ginn, who founded Ginn & Company, the publisher which commissioned the original New Century Schoolbook in 1918. Edwin is essentially a release of a font called C059, created by URW++ Design and Development (later URW Type Foundry and subsequently owned by Monotype) and released for free under an open license.
Suffice it to say that the casual or even expert user will be hard-pressed to notice the differences between Edwin, Academico, and New Century Schoolbook, although any attempt to drop in one for another should still be done with care. But if you enjoy the look of New Century Schoolbook and itch to use it in your music but don’t have the spare cash for a license, either Academico or Edwin will likely suite your purposes nicely. It will also make it easier to legally collaborate on scores using this font, as it may be shared freely.
(Fun font fact: Another URW font, the P052 Palatino clone, comes bundled with our Scoring Express templates for Sibelius, and are widely used in the Theatre & Studio collection.)
In his inimitable way, Martin’s alter ego Tantacrul dives into the minutiae of creating of the new MuseScore fonts, along with the history of SCORE and other fascinating details in his latest video, which is highly recommended viewing ahead of anything in your Netflix queue:
For those wondering, at NYC Music Services we plan to make a Sibelius-compatible version of Leland, in a similar way we have done with Norfolk and Pori, with the full cooperation of the MuseScore team. Stay tuned!
Applying new fonts and settings
When you open an existing MuseScore document, you are presented with options to apply Leland, Edwin or both.
The dialog is a bit misleading; although it will update the fonts in your document, it will not update your document to the newer style settings, despite the “score style” language.
For that, you’ll need to head over to Format > Style and click Reset All Styles to Default. The MuseScore handbook states that “This was formerly the Format > Reset Style menu option. The button behaves the same way, except that it no longer resets the page layout options which are set in the Format > Page Settings window; that window now has its own equivalent button, which will reset only those settings it contains. This means that the new style options can be tried out without completely ruining the layout of the score, though a few settings in the Score and Page settings of the Style window may need to be re-set manually.”
Other items which may need to be adjusted to take advantage of the latest MuseScore features:
- If it is an option, delete any non-essential system and page breaks, then select the whole score and select Format > Stretch > Reset Layout Stretch. Also delete spacers if you want to see the default results of the new vertical justification algorithm.
- The new menu option Format > Reset Text Style Overrides will remove text customizations, resetting all text items to match the currently defined text styles.
- Press I to open the Instruments panel, or choose the Edit > Instruments menu item. If you wish to apply a standard ordering, select one from the menu, i.e., Orchestral.
- To use the vertical justification feature, delete any manually applied spacers first by right-clicking any spacer, choosing Select > All Similar Elements, and pressing Delete. Then enable this feature by selecting Style > Page > Enable vertical justification of staves. Then you can reintroduce spacers as needed.
Availability and conclusion
MuseScore 3.6 is available now from the MuseScore web site for Windows 7 or higher, macOS 10.10 or higher, or Linux.
MuseScore is free, as usual. It’s encouraging to see such attention paid to engraving details in a free product, and the advancements in 3.6 are significant. While its features don’t (yet) totally match up to those in the commercial products, if you haven’t tried MuseScore, or haven’t looked at it in a long time, you’ll enjoy downloading it and seeing what’s possible. You can quickly export MusicXML from another program and bring it into MuseScore and take it for a spin.
For current MuseScore users, of course, there is only upside to updating to 3.6.
The new Leland music font is a huge bonus for those users that are looking for ways to distinguish the visual appearance of their music. It will need another iteration or two to gain some of the secondary symbols that are present in some other fonts, and although this version represents the fifth revision of the font already, Martin has said, “I’m almost certain that I’ll have to do a sixth, and probably a seventh revision before the next version of the font is released. We’ll need to collect a lot of user feedback and add hundreds more symbols before we’ll be even close to done.” Still, it’s very usable already and we are confident it will be even more so in time.
Martin also said this about the release of MuseScore 3.6 and the future of the product: “Although these new defaults mark a giant step in the engraving quality of MuseScore, we’re by no means done, and you’ll be seeing further big advancements in the future.”
To that end, we spoke with Martin and Daniel Ray, MuseScore’s director of product strategy, on the Scoring Notes podcast, where they discussed their road map for MuseScore 4.
Listen to the podcast episode
On the Scoring Notes podcast, David MacDonald and Philip Rothman talk with Daniel Ray and Martin Keary about MuseScore. Listen now:
For the latest information about compatibility for Finale, Sibelius, Dorico, and MuseScore, as well as links to the latest news and reviews about product releases, please see the Scoring Notes Product Guide.
MuseScore 3.6 also features improved accidental in MScore, the previous default notational font which was derived from GNU Lilypond’s Emmentaler. The new accidentals were provided as part of the Parnassus notational font by Kristof Bastiaensen and were integrated by yours truly (together with tons of minor bugfixes for the MScore font, although tbh there are probably enough accumulated slightly-more-than-epsilon errors that redoing it from Emmentaler entirely would be worthwhile, but I don’t have that much spare time on my hands at the moment).
Debian users will be able to enjoy the updated MScore font in the MuseScore 2 and 3 packages already.
Not sure about the New Century Schoolbook font for the text font. What’s wrong with good old Times New Roman? I’m suppose we can use Times if we want to get the Score look. But NCS takes up more space on the page – not necessarily a good thing?
That said, this new Leland font is a fantastic achievement. Having self-confessed OCD notation nerds contributing to MuseScore can only be a good thing. Congratulations to Tantacrul!
Do *you* have a licence for Times New Roman?
Not everyone has, especially not for all necessary use cases.
A copy of that font comes with Microsoft® operating systems, but that’s a limited licence.
An *extremely* old version of it was released to the general public as “Microsoft core fonts for the web” 15+ years ago, but that lacks language support, modern font features, and in general much stuff, and even then its licence is very restrictive, for example you can only distribute it in the original Win95 .EXE form.
Even if you exclude the fact that MuseScore is supposed to be Open Source and needs to be distributed by GNU distributions, the MuseScore developers themselves also need to do _quite_ much more with it than that.
MuseScore (UG) also operates musescore.com, which does commercial things with uploaded scores. I hope they all have commercially viable licences for all the fonts they have installed (those I use are GPL+FE or OFL anyway, which are Open Source licences and very okay for this). They couldn’t do that with a proprietary font.
The MuseScore developers also believe in bundling the default fonts with the application so that scores layout the same on all operating systems it runs on.
Mark Dal Porto
Thank you very much for this Scoring Notes post. A Sibelius version of the Leland font would be fantastic. Such a beautiful font!
There is a “Sibelius version of the Leland font” available already (so to speak), although it’s not open source. It’s produced by a company called MuseGraph and it’s called “Wolfgang”. There’s actually an article about it here on Scoring Notes (https://www.scoringnotes.com/news/musegraphs-wolfgang-font-brings-the-score-look-to-sibelius/). They also make a Finale version of the same font called “Vienna”. I’ve used it for several years and have been very pleased with it. I’m thrilled that there’s a SMuFL equivalent available now, too, and I can’t wait to try it in Dorico.
Thanks for this reminder of the Musegraph fonts. I’ve written so many articles on Scoring Notes now that I forget sometimes! Glad to hear that you’re pleased with their product.
That’s not Leland though. It’s a different SCORE-inspired font.
NCS is wider in general, but can also be used at smaller sizes and remains very legible; in 3.6 almost all of the default text sizes are now smaller than before. Of course, if narrowness is a real priority (or just if you prefer it) then the old font FreeSerif (a Times New Roman clone) is still in there, and there’s even a style sheet with all the pre-3.6 style settings for those who want to keep everything the way it used to be. While we’ve made a whole load of new defaults (and I’d call them improved, as I’m totally biased), I’m under no illusions that a single collection of settings is appropriate for every single score (genre, scoring, print size), never mind everyone’s personal preference. I hope that we can build a much more sophisticated styles system in the future that handles those things more intelligently and also makes changing styles more elegant and logical.
Many fonts (for European languages) come with 4 options: regular, italic, bold, and bold italic, so Text Styles (Format > Styles…) provides one “B” button and one “I” button for users to choose one of these four options. However, fonts people can use such as Source Han Sans (available at https://github.com/adobe-fonts/source-han-sans) and Source Han Serif (available at https://github.com/adobe-fonts/source-han-serif) for lyrics in Chinese, Japanese or Korean come with 7 “weights”—extralight, light, normal, regular, medium, bold, and heavy, so there’s no way to choose a specific weight by simply clicking the “B” button and the “I” button.
It was not an issue when I used Windows version—all weights were listed in the drop-down menu. However, I am using Mac version now and only the names of the font families are listed in the drop-down menu (in Version 3.6, too). It would be greatly appreciated if we could choose a different weight as well instead of “normal” by system default. I personally prefer heavier weights like “regular” or “medium” but not as heavy as “bold”. Please help. Thank you in advance.